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Side Effects of Eating Too Much Salt, Says Science

You may be going too hard on the pizza and the pretzels...
FACT CHECKED BY Kiersten Hickman

Americans consume far too much sodium each day, with the American Heart Association estimating that the average adult eats about 3,400 milligrams of sodium daily—about 1,100 milligrams above the recommended intake. Eating too much salt can cause a slew of health issues, some of which are minor and annoying and others can be life-threatening.

Below, you will see just four side effects that you could experience from regularly eating too much sodium. And for even more healthy tips, be sure to read up on our list of The 7 Healthiest Foods to Eat Right Now.


You may become dehydrated.

Young man suffering from strong headache or migraine sitting with glass of water in the kitchen, millennial guy feeling intoxication and pain touching aching head

After a night of drinking alcohol coupled with engorging salty, processed foods like chips and pizza, you're bound to feel dehydrated the next morning. If you're eating too much salt, in particular, your body begins to pull water from your cells and as a result, you become dehydrated. Feeling thirsty, nauseous, or stomach cramps can all be a result of eating too much of the salty stuff, so be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day.

Don't miss 7 Side Effects of Not Drinking Enough Water.


You may become "backed up."

paper towel

When your diet contains too much sodium, the body sucks up water from your intestines to help compensate for the excess salt in your bloodstream. This can lower the water content found in the stool, causing it to dry up and making it harder to push through the body. Ultimately, this can result in constipation. Make sure to eat plenty of high-fiber foods and drink ample water to flush the sodium out!


You'll feel bloated.

woman bloated stomach

With constipation comes bloating, however, you may be regular and still bloated. If you're eating too many salty foods, your body can begin to retain water. Blast the water weight out by opting for low-sodium foods like chickpeas, unsalted nuts, and chicken without the skin instead of salt-ridden counterparts.


You could increase your chances of heart complications.

salty snacks

Routinely consuming foods that are high in sodium can wreak havoc on your overall heart health. More specifically, high-sodium diets have been linked to hypertension, heart disease, and stroke. To avoid these potentially fatal complications, consider reading These Are the Two Best Diets For Heart Health, According to Doctors for tips on how you can reduce your sodium consumption.

For more, be sure to read 7 Side Effects of Eating Salty Foods.

Cheyenne Buckingham
Cheyenne Buckingham is the news editor of Read more about Cheyenne
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