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This Puts You Most at Risk for COVID, Says Dr. Fauci

If you have these conditions, use caution.
FACT CHECKED BY Emilia Paluszek

Early on in the pandemic, it was established that certain people are more at risk of severe COVID-19 infection and even death. Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's leading infectious disease expert, gave the keynote remarks at the American Association for Cancer Research highlighting the importance of understanding who, exactly, falls into the high-risk category. Click through to see if you have any of the conditions on his list, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.


Your Age Matters—In a Way

Home care doctor wearing personal protective equipment(PPE).Infection and cross-contamination during home visit to suspect COVID-19 senior patient

By now, we all know that older people are more likely to experience severe coronavirus infections and have a higher fatality rate. "As you gradually progress in age, when you get to older than 85, you have almost 600 rate per hundred thousand population for hospitalizations," he explained.  However, he also reminded that younger people are far from immune—especially anyone who falls into other high risk categories. "But it is important to point out that people of any age with certain underlying medical conditions are at high risk for severe illness."


Chronic Kidney Disease

Woman suffering from pain kidney disease while sitting on bed at home.

Per Dr. Fauci—as well as the CDC—people suffering from chronic kidney disease of any stage are at an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.


Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)—which includes conditions such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis—is known to increase your risk of severe illness from COVID-19. "Other chronic lung diseases, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and cystic fibrosis, may increase your risk of severe illness from COVID-19," explains the CDC. 


Any Immunocompromised Hosts

group of doctor and nurse wear protection mask checking and takecare infection people from covid-19

Many conditions and treatments, "…such as with solid organ transplantation," explains Dr. Fauci, can cause a person to be immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system. As a result, it can make them more susceptible to viruses, including COVID-19. According to the CDC, in addition to organ transplant patients, the immunocompromised include those who have undergone blood or bone marrow transplants, suffer from immune deficiencies, the HIV positive with a low CD4 cell count or not on HIV treatment, and those with prolonged use of corticosteroid or use of other immune weakening medicines. 



Having obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or above, increases your risk of severe illness from COVID-19, per the CDC. In fact, even mild obesity can have a major influence on the severity of the virus, according to a new study. Researchers found that even individuals with a BMI of between 30 to 34.9 were at an increased risk of respiratory failure and ICU admission as a result of the virus. Those with a BMI of 35 or over were at a dramatic increase of risk of death. 


Heart Conditions

Young woman feeling sick and holding her chest in pain at home.

A variety of heart conditions—including heart failure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, and pulmonary hypertension put you at an increased risk of severe coronavirus infection. Additionally, other cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, such as hypertension (high blood pressure) or stroke, may also up your risk.



Doctor checking blood sugar level with glucometer. Treatment of diabetes concept.

Both types of diabetes have been linked to coronavirus risk. While type 2 diabetes increases your risk of severe illness from COVID-19, type 1 or gestational diabetes may increase your risk of severe illness from COVID-19, per the CDC's latest research. 


Sickle Cell Disease

sickle cell disease

Sickle cell disease (SCD),  a common inherited blood disorder in the United States that affects an estimated 70,000 to 100,000 Americans, increases your risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Other hemoglobin disorders—like thalassemia—may also increase your risk.


Underlying Medical Conditions

Portrait of the young pregnant woman

Dr. Fauci noted that other underlying medical conditions ("A couple of noteworthy ones: use of glucocorticoids, pregnancy, hypertension, HIV infection") will also increase your risk. 


Minorities Are Affected Badly


According to Dr. Fauci, coronavirus does discriminate when it comes to race. "If you look at the age-associated rates and ethnicity, distribution of COVID-19 hospitalization rate, you can see the disproportionately high rate of hospitalization among minority communities, such as black, such as Hispanic Latinx, such as American Indians and Alaskan natives, the manifestations of severe disease," he said during his address. 

RELATED: If You Feel This, You May Have Already Had COVID, Says Dr. Fauci


How You Stay Stay Healthy

putting on medical protective mask to health protection and prevention during flu virus outbreak, epidemic and infectious diseases

"The bottom line, common denominator is physical distancing, and this can be accomplished," advises Fauci, who also mentioned "stay at home orders, closing or modifying school schedules and public gatherings, travel restrictions…aggressive case identification and contact tracing," and also, "personal preventive measures include common-sense approaches, diligent hand-washing, avoiding close contact,  covering the mouth and the nose with a mask or a cloth, respiratory hygiene like covering sneezes and coughs, avoiding face touching and regular cleaning of inanimate objects." As for yourself: To get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.

Leah Groth
Leah Groth has decades of experience covering all things health, wellness and fitness related. Read more about Leah